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1 Timothy Series
1st Timothy - Chapter 1 Verse 1-2 (NIV)
1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope, 2To Timothy my true son in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
He was not the old man, Saul, but the new man, Paul
An Apostle of Christ Jesus
An = Not the only one = there are others
Apostolos (Greek) - the word indicates one who is sent out - Was used to refer to an ambassador or an envoy
An envoy or ambassador was one who was sent out to represent both country and monarch. In Paul's case and as he wrote, he considered himself to be an ambassador of Christ Jesus
The 1st duty of an ambassador is to form a liaison between the country he represents and the country to which they are sent. At that point the ambassador is to serve as the connecting link between the one who sent him out and the nation to whom he is posted.
The duty of all Christians is to serve as the
connecting link (ambassador, envoy, apostle) between Christ Jesus and other
people. We are appointed to represent the
by the command of God
Command = epiage (Greek) - This word indicates Royal orders which an absolutely binding law gives a person. Paul considered himself a man with a royal commission and a specific task to perform to the known world of that time.
As Christians, we need to remember that however humble our service may be, (Sunday school teachers, witness at grocery store, Christian friend at work, Parent, social acquaintance) we are commissioned to be in a royal service. Throughout and in all portions of our lives, we are on the business of the King.
Paul's reference to God as the savior comes from an Old Testament
- In Deuteronomy 32:15 Moses spoke of God as the rock of his salvation.
- From Psalm 24:5 The psalmist writes of those who receive righteousness from the God of their salvation.
Greek = soter = Savoir
To the Romans, their General Scipio was known as 'our hope and salvation'
Paul called God, Savior - the designation given to a loving, caring being.
We need to remember that Jesus did not go to the cross to satisfy and attempt to pacify an angry God. God had no wrath that Jesus satisfied through the cross. Nowhere in the New Testament is this idea presented. Instead:
…from John 3:16:
'For God so Loved the world'
Everything begins from God's Love.
And of Christ Jesus our Hope
Christ Jesus 'our hope' is one of the Great titles of Jesus.
- From Colossians 1:27 'Christ in you, the hope of Glory'.
- From 1 John 3:3 'All you who have this hope in him purify yourselves, just as he is pure.'
Ignatius, the Bishop of Antioch, wrote the following to the church in
'Be of good cheer in God the Father and in Jesus Christ our common hope.'
1 - In Christ Jesus, people found the hope of moral victory and self-conquest.
From Paul's time:
- We have 'Weakness in the necessary things' (Epictetus, the Greek philosopher)
- 'We hate our vices and love them at the same time' (Seneca, the Roman philosopher)
Paul knew that Christ came not only to tell women and men what was right and how to live, but he came, giving them the power to do it.
Christ gave to all of mankind the hope of moral victory instead of defeat.
2 - Gave hope of victory over circumstances
Christianity came during a time of terrible personal insecurity.
Tacitus - Roman historian writing about that time
"I am entering upon the history of a period rich in disaster, gloomy in wars, rent with seditions, nay savage in its very hours of peace."
In those times, Christ gave people the strength to live and the courage, if need be, to die. In the certainty that nothing on earth could separate them from the love of God in Christ.
Paul, in Romans 8:38-39
38For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
3 - People found in Christ the hope of Victory over death.
In Christ, they found the strength of moral things and the hope of eternal things.
To Timothy, my true son in the faith
Paul never spoke of Timothy without expressing love and affection in his voice.
Some of what we know about Timothy:
- He was a native of Lystra (Acts 14:8-21) a small town visited by Paul and Barnabas on their first missionary journey.
- His Jewish mother was Eunice and his Grandmother Lois (2 Timothy 1:5). There is no mention of his father, except that he was a Greek.
- Paul may (or may not) have met Timothy during his first visit to Lystra, but we do know that during his second missionary journey, Paul went to Lystra (this time with Silas), and encountered Timothy. At that point a discipling relationship began (Acts 16:1-3).There was something in Timothy that Paul saw and evidently believed worthy of a personal investment.
"everyone spoke well of him"
- When Paul and Silas left Lystra, Timothy left with them as a part of the missionary team and evidently under the discipleship of Paul.
- Timothy was left behind at
- He was sent as Paul's messenger to
- Timothy was with Paul in
- He was Paul's messenger to
- He was with Paul when he wrote 2nd Corinthians (2 Corinthians 1:1 1:19)
- Timothy was sent by Paul to see how things were going with the church in Thessalonica and was with Paul when he wrote his first letter to that church (1 Thessalonians 1:1 3:2 3:6)
- He was with Paul in prison when he wrote to
Philippi and Paul was planning on sending him to
- He was with Paul when he wrote to the church at
Paul wrote to the church in
"I sent you Timothy who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord." (1Corinthians 4:17)
When planning to send him to
"I have no one like him…Like a son with a father he has served with me in the work of the Gospel." (Philippians 2:20 2:22)
Paul calls Timothy 'His true child'
Gnesios (Greek) = true = legitimate = genuine
Timothy was one Paul could trust and could send anywhere on any task, knowing that he would go and serve the cause.
Timothy is our example of how we should serve in the faith
Grace, Mercy, Peace
In all of Paul's letters to the churches, he wishes them Grace and Peace
Only to Timothy does he wish Mercy - not even to Titus (Titus 1:4)
1 - In Greek = grace = outward favor, beauty, attractiveness, sweetness - Grace is a lovely and attractive thing.
2 - In the New Testament, grace expresses the idea of sheer generosity, something unearned and undeserved. It is the opposite of debt. It stands on opposition to works.
From Romans 11:6
6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.
From Ephesians 2:8-10
8For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; 9not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.
3 - Grace carries the idea of universality
- The grace given to the Corinthians in Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 1:4)
- The grace of God bestowed on the churches of
- Galatians being called by the grace of Christ (Galatians 1:6)
- Hope which came to the Thessalonians through grace (2 Thessalonians 2:16)
- God's grace making Paul an Apostle to the Gentiles (2 Corinthians 15:10)
Grace is a Lovely thing.
Grace is a Free thing.
Grace is a Universal thing.
From scholar/writer F.J.A. Hort
"Grace is a comprehensive word, gathering up all that may be supposed to be expressed in the smile of a heavenly King, looking down on his people."
It is the standard Jewish word of Greeting (Shalom)
- Not indicating simply the absence of trouble
- It wishes the most comprehensive form of wellbeing
- It evokes everything which makes for our highest good
Greek = eleos = "May God be good to you" but more than that
Hebrew = chesedh = loving kindness
Chesedh is used 127 times in Psalms
It indicates help in time of need, specifically God's active intervention to help
F.J.A. Hort, on Mercy
"The coming down of the Most High to help the helpless"
Peter (1 Peter 1:3)
"It is by God's abundant mercy that he has given us the living hope of the resurrection."
Maybe Paul added mercy to his greeting to Timothy because he knew that Timothy had his back to the wall and he wanted to remind him that God is the help of the helpless.
From God the Father
Father God indicates a familial relationship.
From the head of the Family to you.
Is the source
Is the authority
Is the one who cares for, provides for, always there.
and Christ Jesus our Lord
Paul used the title (position) before the name then the relationship
Christ = Messiah
Paul had found the one that the Jews were looking for
Jesus = The man
Came to save his people
Lord = Ruler
- In the Old Testament Hebrew Adanoi (My Lord) was used (read) when YHWH was used in scripture.
- Christ Jesus is ruler to whom?
- He is ruler to those who call on his name
- He is ruler to us
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